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South West of Millmerran
History - Explore - Tourism

Earliest occupation dates for Bigambul country  20,560 BC (+250)  

European Settlement Est. 1848

Bigambul Country

The Rural Communities Social Services Inc. acknowledges the traditional custodians of the land we live on, the Bigambul Aboriginal people. We pay our respects to the Elders past and present, for they hold the memories, the traditions, the culture and hopes of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples across our region.  The information below is directly from the Bigambul Native Title Aboriginal Corporation.

Bigambul country is located in South West Queensland, spanning the Queensland and New South Wales borders and centred on the riverine area between the Macintyre and Weir rivers.

1998 First Bigambul Native Title Filed (dismissed 2000)

2001 Second TitleFiled (dismissed 2008)

2008 Third Title Filed (Discontinued 2009)

2009 Fourth Title Filed (QUD101/2009)

2016 Native title positively determined over Part A of the Bigambul native title claim (QUD101/2009

2017  Native title positively determined over Part B of the Bigambul native title claim (QUD101/2009)


Information attributed to the Bigambul Native Title Aboriginal Corporation

Quoted and attributed to the Bigambul Native Title Corporation: "The Bigambul Determination Area was a particularly violent frontier in the Nineteenth Century. History tells of the fierce bravery of Our Nation’s people, with the resistance of the Bigambul people to pastoral incursion well documented. This resistance was however met with reprisal attacks by settlers and coordinated efforts of ‘dispersal’ by colonial authorities. 


The Bigambul resistance campaign was geared toward causing maximum economic disruption for settlers in an effort to convince them to abandon the region completely. This however would stimulate reprisal attacks and as noted more coordinated efforts of violence and dispersal that would ultimately see the Bigambul population reduced to 300 by the end of 1850 – a significant decline from population estimates of 3,000 Bigambul people pre-settler contact.


The massacres committed against the Bigambul people are well documented, however; there is high likelihood that there were more instances of violence perpetrated than recorded."

1897 Introduction of Meston’s ‘Aboriginals Protection and Restriction of the Sale of Opium Act‘.

1920s Some Bigambul people were removed to the Cherbourg Aboriginal Settlement.

Places to explore in the South West Millmerran

Studying and exploring history enables us to develop better understanding of the world in which we live. Building knowledge and understanding of historical events and trends, enables us to develop a much greater appreciation for providing and helping our community today.

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Western Creek Station Est.1848 with a Post Office

Read the History 1848 to 1950


Rabbit Board Hut
Serviced the Rabbit & Wild Dog Barrier Fence

The Fence is still serviced to this day.

Rabbit Board Hut
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Italian internment

Civil Alien Corps Camps were situated in our Western Creek Forestry




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 Information attributed to:  https://www.business.qld.gov.au/.../prohibited/prickly-pear


Prickly Pear, Prickly pear was introduced to the Downs near Goondiwindi to be used as a hedge to border pastoral property and keep dingoes out, also to keep scurvy down among the shepherds (Lehner 2004:40).

Dairy farmers soon also learned of its value as fodder for stock. Boiled and mashed it helped starving animals through the great drought at the turn of the century (1902). However the pear spread relentlessly over roads and properties (O’Sullivan 1992:14).

The pear invasion in the project area was especially destructive around Chinchilla, Lake Broadwater, Bringalily, Captains Mountain, Western Creek, Kindon, and some of the Miles to Wandoan area, causing intense misery for the property owners.

The breaking of the 1902 drought had led to such an alarming increase that by 1920 the infested area was estimated at 60 million acres, and spreading at the rate of a million acres a year (Fitzgerald 1988:18). Attractive conditions, including long leases were offered to prospective settlers in exchange for eradicating the pest from the property. It was hard and dangerous work, with slashing and burning, and the spraying of chemicals, generally arsenic compounds. Many failed to meet the conditions of clearing a portion of their selection each year, and had to abandon the land.

In many areas the pear was extremely dense. Prickly pear selections were offered in many places, including Guluguba, Chinchilla, Bringalily, Clontarf, Millwood, Captains Mountain and Bora Creek.

Commissions were set up, many reports were written, but it seemed the only solution would be to find a biological control to combat the plant. The insect Cactoblastis cactorum, brought over from Argentina by a Brisbane entomologist, Alan Dodd, was used to remove the pear. The eggs were stored in quills.September 2011 Arrow Energy Surat Gas Project Non-Indigenous Heritage Report

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History of a previous school, and Dairy Co-op in the early 1900s then in 1953 our First Rural Fire Brigade

Captains Mountain


The Forestry

History of the Forestry Office, Accommodation and Towers

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A guided Tour Millmerran to South West Millmerran

An Imaginative Way to Depict History Tour

Farm View

OUR History


From Toowoomba 1879 to Millmerran 1913 back to Toowoomba 2008.

The Rural Communities Social Services Inc. is not here to serve the Toowoomba Regional Council or any other government departments.  We are here to provide for the community by following the guidelines set by the regulatory authorities and working in collaboration with them.

Honoring the soldiers that served at home and abroad

We are proud to honor those who serve - including military personnel, veterans, and their families.  We are here to support those that need our assistance.

Our members actively pay respects by attending veteran meetings, participating in the Anzac Day, Remembrance Day, and Veterans Day services.  Care boxes were issued to family members (from the community) serving overseas.

We highly recommend that you visit the Millmerran Museum, cared for by the Millmerran Historical Society inc., visit to view photos, memorabilia and historical items.

Established in 1977 with the aim of preserving the history of Millmerran and district for future generations, the Millmerran and District Historical Society Inc. proudly maintains the extensive Millmerran Museum.   Packed with historic objects and exhibitions telling the story of Millmerran's past, the Museum is housed in fourteen historical buildings on over an acre of leafy grounds.

Take a walk through time and discover the Millmerran Museum's collections which are typical of 19th and 20th century pioneering life in South East Queensland and the Darling Downs, including:  Commerce, war, railway, schooling, the dairy and farming industry memorabilia, transport, antique furniture, clothing, indigenous artefacts, and so much more. 

Queensland has the second largest tourism industry in Australia 
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 South West Millmerran

Rural Community